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The isotopes the KAr system relies on are Potassium (K) and Argon (Ar).Potassium, an alkali metal, the Earth's eighth most abundant element is common in many rocks and rock-forming minerals.
I can't exactly follow the logic, but I'm asking here about the dating process itself. I do not think that Argon-40 decays into Argon-39 as the article states, at least not all by itself. Based on the atmospheric 40-Ar/36-Ar ratio and the 36-concentration, the 40-Ar concentration at the time of formation is calculated.If one of these protons is hit by a beta particle, it can be converted into a neutron.With 18 protons and 22 neutrons, the atom has become Argon-40 (Ar-40), an inert gas.Potassium can be mobilized into or out of a rock or mineral through alteration processes.Due to the relatively heavy atomic weight of potassium, insignificant fractionation of the different potassium isotopes occurs.